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EV CHARGING INFRASTRUCTURE: A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE!

What Is EV Charging Infrastructure?

The electric vehicle charging infrastructure includes all infrastructure and equipment that requires for delivering energy and charging electric vehicles. EV vehicles require charging to perform, there is a fixed time required to charge the particular vehicle depending on the type of vehicle the energy consumption, time required for charging. EV charging infrastructure provides a charging point. It consists of three main units Battery, Power Conversion System, and Software. The batteries at the EV Charging station are primarily lithium-ion batteries, consisting of cells, packs, battery management system (BMS) for the management and control of charge and discharge of the battery. The power conversion system consists of an inverter and thermal management (HVAC) for batteries to maintain the battery’s specific temperature. Operators and e-mobility service providers can use electric vehicle charging software to manage and maintain EV chargers, charging stations, and customers.

Read More: https://introspectivemarketresearch.com/article/ev-charging-infrastructure-a-sustainable-future/

How Easy To Charge EV vehicles?

There are of different ways to charge electric vehicle battery pack.  There are normal and fast charging methods, different type of connectors. A charging point is connected to the electric grid, consisting of power generation, high-voltage transmission to load centres, and distribution to consumers. Specifications and standards for EV chargers are different from country to country; depend on available EV models in the market and the characteristics of the electricity pointer. The charging speed is depend on the type of vehicle, capacity of battery  and what power electric pointer is able to supply. There are several types of electric vehicles, including 2Ws, 3Ws, 4Ws, and buses. This entire vehicle contains various charging plugs and charging modes, making it somewhat difficult to create public charging infrastructure. The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), India’s national standards body, is in charge of developing EV charging standards for the country. Conductive charging, also known as plug-in (wired) charging, is the most common charging technology in all countries.

EV charging infrastructure can be classified as public and private or household:

Public EV Infrastructures are continuously to fulfil the need of population; more people are shifting towards electric vehicle due to the convenience. Growing network of infrastructures throughout urban centres is providing high adoption rate of electric vehicles. Electric vehicles necessitate charging infrastructures that allow everyone to top up their vehicles’ batteries in the same way that gas stations do on the road for longer distance travel, but unlike gasoline vehicles, electric vehicles can charge at people’s homes, workplaces, retail destinations, and dedicated recharging stations. Public charging stations must be strategically located and distributed throughout the city or region.

Private EV Infrastructures is used by more than half of the population. Around 80% of all EV charging is currently done at home by customer overnight. Private charging infrastructure is allocated in the parking areas of independent homes, apartment buildings, and commercial establishments. Vehicle charge overnight more than enough EV range for most of the people daily travel needs. Trickle Charge with household current or AC Household Charge with an installed wallbox is mostly used in Private EV infrastructure.

The charging mode used in this infrastructure is of different type:

Three types of charger

DC Charge: DC charger is the high power charger which charges the vehicle in less time. Public DC Fast charging station contains power from 50kW and above. This method can fuel the battery from 20 to 80% in approx. in 40 minutes.

Trickle Charge: This method is used to charge vehicles at home. It is slowest method for charging any vehicle using a standard (three-prong) 220V plug. It doesn’t require installation of additional charging equipment. Charging speed is approx. 65 km of range in 5 hours.

AC Charge: AC charger is available in both at public charging and household changing by installing wall box. It helps to increase the speed of charging. It takes 6 hours to fully charge a 40 kWh car battery. The most common and recommendable home charging option

EV charging infrastructure, often referred to as electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE), is a core component of a healthy EV ecosystem and requires adequate planning and dedicated electrical infrastructure at different levels of the distribution. This EV Charging Infrastructure also supports to carry out other task such as:

  • User authentication
  • Vehicle communication
  • Data collection and monitoring
  • Payments

EV charging infrastructure Policy-Making and Regulatory Authorities:

EV charging infrastructure Policy-Making and Regulatory Authorities has issued guidelines and standards applicable to electric vehicle charging equipment. There are several authorities which involve in the policy making process.

  • The Ministry of Power (MoP)
  • The Central Electricity Authority (CEA)
  • The State Electrical Regulatory Commission (SERCs)
  • The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA)
  • The Urban Development Departments

Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Regulation (AFIR) in Europe Region

AFIR is a proposal that proposes that each European country must have a certain amount of charging infrastructure per EV registered within their borders. The deployment of charging infrastructure along with electric vehicle uptake can help people to switch and go for alternative fuels which results in a zero-emission vehicle on road. European Commission unveiled a new plan to reach a -55 reduction in carbon emissions by 2030 and this increasing charging infrastructure will provide support for this mission, investment in EV charging will transform entire energy and transport systems to reduce the emission and provide good environmental conditions.

Development in EV Charging Infrastructure of North America Region

EV charging infrastructures are constantly growing in this region, the $7.5 billion are allotted for EV charging infrastructures under President Biden’s Bipartisan Infrastructure Law to build a convenient and equitable charging network through two programs. Additionally, The National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) program will give $5 billion in formula funding to build out charging infrastructure at the required destination.

EV Charging Infrastructure providers:

Charge point operators (CPOs) and e-mobility service providers (e-MSPs) manage and enable day-to-day operations of EV charging infrastructure, for semi-public and public charging facilities EV charging infrastructure is provided by many organization some of the key providers are listed below:

  • Advanced Energy
  • AmpUp
  • ChargePoint
  • Connected Kerb
  • Ecotricity
  • Elektromotive
  • EVgo
  • Park & Charge
  • Volta Charging
  • ChargePoint

Largest EV charging network holding company

ChargePoint is the world’s largest and most open electric vehicle (EV) charging network. Company have more than 20,000 charging locations. ChargePoint makes advanced hardware and best-in-class cloud-based software. ChargePoint’s open network is utilized by many leading EV hardware makers. ChargePoint attempts to display real-time network information that includes the availability of charging locations across the country. This service is available through the ChargePoint mobile app, online, and in the navigation systems of top-selling EVs such as the new BMW i3 and the Nissan LEAF.

What Is Battery Swapping?

Battery swapping is a technical infrastructure that includes swapping of discharged electrical battery of 2Ws or 3Ws with the other battery which is already charged. This solution can save the time which is required for refuelling same battery and replace recharging time with just swapping the battery. The major restraining factor for zero-emission vehicles or EV vehicles is the time consumed by vehicles to recharge the battery. The 2Ws battery takes 6 hours to fully charge. As a result, most people prefer vehicles that run on fossil fuels. To convert this segment of people, companies developed battery swapping solutions, and the government took initiatives to promote this solution in order to support the growth of the EV vehicle market.

Companies Who Provides Swapping Solution in India:

  • Sun Mobility
  • Lithion power
  • VoltUp
  • Esmito
  • Numocity
  • ChargeUp
  • CHARGE+ ZONE
  • Okaya Power Group
  • RACE Energy
  • BatteryPool

Conclusion:

Electric vehicles (EVs) are the new advanced solution to reduce the excessive use of fossil fuels.  It is a global strategy for decarbonizing the entire region. Electric vehicles play an important role in reaching ambitious climate and air quality goals. Additionally, the increasing rate of installation of EV infrastructures around the globe is driven by the increasing awareness in the population regarding pollution. EVs are preferred by individuals in the world due to their environment-friendly properties. The growing popularity of electronic vehicles among people is contributing to the growth and adoption of electronic vehicles, and these vehicles rely on electricity to refuel the batteries, which is provided by EV charging points or infrastructure. This need contributes to the growth of EV infrastructure.

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